Monday, May 04, 2009

Monay (and Putok)

I have been dreading making monay because of the long kneading time. The characterisically dense and smooth dough is due to extended period of kneading after the rising time prior to cutting. In my father's bakery, we used to have a kneading machine with double rollers where you place the dough in between to press it, stretching and squeezing out bubbles in the process. The baker would do this several times until he was content with the dough's dense and smooth appearance. Pieces were cut to precise sizes (I did mine to have 3oz pieces). I have no such machine, and the dough is comparatively minute anyway, so i used my arm power with the help of the rolling pin. Maybe I will make this again, using the bigger, sliced loaf version, only during Christmas time for giveaways. I am posting here mainly for reference not only for me but for those who have been searching for a monay recipe.

I added yellow food coloring here because that was what the bakers used to do and I am just copying. The yellow coloring of monay makes it appear like it had lots of egg yolk, when I only added one (bakeries do not add yolks at all). I just made use of one egg yolk I had in the fridge from a previous baking stint. I figured it would not hurt to add that to the monay recipe I used. For putok, it should not have the food coloring nor the egg yolk. So to point out the difference between the two, PUTOK (1) has no food coloring, (2) has a crown instead of slit (made by cross-slits), (3) has milk glaze with sugar on the crown, and (4) is made more compact and denser by shorter final rising time. But since I never want to make big batches of rolls that will probably not get eaten within a week, I made only the dough for monay (with the food coloring and long rising time), and only made a couple pieces shaped and glazed/sugared as putok.

I based this recipe on a pan de sal recipe posted in allrecipes, after reading the comments there. I adjusted the amounts according to the amount of evap milk in a can, in replacement of the milk used in the recipe, which called for heating it up prior to actually using it (sort of reducing the milk). The comments said the resulting rolls were dense and hardly rose at all, and another mentioned that the high rating he gave was because it made for good monay and putok recipe. After making these, I do agree it is indeed a good monay recipe.

1 (14-oz) can of evaporated milk
1/2 cup white sugar
1 tsp yellow food coloring (optional)
1 egg yolk
1/3 cup butter
1 (0.25 oz) package active dry yeast
1 tsp salt
1/4 tsp baking soda
1/4 tsp baking powder
4 cups all-purpose flour


Heat evap milk to 80-100 deg F. Melt butter. Combine sugar, melted butter, yellow food coloring, egg yolk and evap milk in the mixing bowl. Stir in yeast and let proof.

Meanwhile, measure and put together in a bowl the flour, baking soda, baking powder and salt and blend well.

On stir setting of the mixer, gradually add the flour (placed at the sides of the bowl) until all is used up. Stop when dough pulls together and leaves only a small amount of flour at the sides of the bowl. Transfer to a lightly greased and lightly floured surface.

Knead for about 8-10 minutes. Grease a bowl big enough to accommodate double the dough. Place the dough in the greased bowl, then flip over (this way, all sides of the dough is greased). Cover lightly with cling wrap and let rise for 1 hr. [Take note in the photos above, the dough just before baking has the characteristic monay shape that we know after I let it rise for 1-1/2 hrs...but I should have baked these before the dough looked like so, because when I baked them, the puffing of the dough in the heat made the slit almost I edited the time of rising here to be only one hour, and hopefully it will give you and I baked monays that have that slight dip at the middle...]

After one hour, take out the dough onto a greased and slightly floured surface. Grease your rolling pin. Flatten the dough with the rolling pin, then fold the dough, and repeat the flatten-fold-flatten-fold cycle until the dough is smooth and dense (about 8 minutes). If it becomes too sticky, very lightly flour the surface.

With dough cutter, cut into 3-oz pieces (if you did not cut the right amount, you can either cut off or add small pieces and press together to make 3-oz piece). Shape into round rolls and place on greased baking sheet (preferably aluminum). If you prefer smaller monays, make them 2-oz each. I am cutting here based on how I remember them during those days I was helping in my Tatay's bakery in shaping them to round rolls.

Before the final rising, using swift smooth motion, make deep slits at the middle of the pieces, leaving only about 1/3 of the bottom dough uncut. You might have to do this twice, since the first cutting motion gives you only good cut at one side of the pieces, so that you will have to turn the pan around and make second cuts along the same line to achieve uniformly deep slits. If the cut portions tend to stick together, gently separate them with the blade. Cover lightly with greased cling wrap. Let rise for 40-60 minutes. [Don't wait for the unbaked pieces to look more like the monay you are used to, because if you do, you will end up with overpuffed middle like I did. I should have baked these earlier (my total final rising time was 1-1/2 hours; maybe 1 hr would be enough). The middle of the pieces should still look a tad lower than the baked monay you are used to seeing. The oven heat will puff up the middle some more. Monay characteristically has a bit low dip at the middle (the slit) of the two cheeks. Well, you know what the connotation of "monay" is among Filipinos when they do not refer to these rolls.]

For putok, cut dough pieces about 1.5 to 2 oz each and shape into round rolls. Snip in a cross manner at the top to give you a crown. After the rising period (I suggest only 30 minutes because puto is characteristically very very dense and hard), brush the crown part with milk and sprinkle with sugar crystals.

Bake at 350 deg F for 15 minutes or until tops are golden brown. Enjoy with ice cream filling while hot. Cool on wire rack. Place in ziploc bag as soon as cool enough to do so without sweating inside.


Nina said...

there's another bread which we used to buy from the nearby bakeries. It's called totoy bato or tinapay bato because it's round and hard :) That bread is really hard pero nakakabusog at nakakasakit rin ng panga. hehehe....

oggi said...

I love monay filled with cheese "dirty ice cream".:D

I once made monay but they came out very fluffy soft and not as dense as the ones I remember eating in the Philippines. I'll try your recipe, the monay look exactly how they should be. Thanks for posting the recipe.

Julie said...

Hi, I stumbled upon your blog through another website. Fantastic Filipino recipes. I'm looking forward to reading the archived articles!

Manang said...

Hi Nina,
totoy bato...reminds me of totoy bibo! Haha! Parang putok din siguro yan no? Sabi nila, pag pinukol ka ng putok, puputok yung ulo mo...

Hi oggi,
miss ko na nga dirty ice cream eh...gawain namin yun noon ng mga kapatid ko pag napagtripan namin at bagong hango sa oven yung monay...sarap!

Manang said...

Hi Julie!
Welcome to my site! I hope you enjoy the recipes here!

Wena said...

Manang musta na po kayo?Thanks for sharing this,ang tagal ko ng gus2ng gumawa nito kaso d ako makakita ng perfect recipe,thanks po talaga!!!!Ingat and Happy mothers Day.!!!

Manang said...

Be forewarned: you need arm power and time for this! Haha!

Tangled Noodle said...

How about you make some extras and just mail them to me? 8-P

Anonymous said...

hi manang,thank you talaga sa mga recipe ninyo,matagal kona talagang gusto gumawa ng mga filipino tinapay kaya lang,i do not have any recipe,thanks at i stumble here in your site.

Anonymous said...

Hello Manang,
Thank you for the wonderful recipes. I have your website bookmarked in my PC. keep posting recipes for us. GOD Bless....

Christine said...

Hellow =)
Im living in germany right now but I really miss the filipino star bread so Im going to try it today.
Im really not the best cook but Ill try xD

what kind of evaporated can I use? Milkmaid?
the evaporated milk in germany is much different than the one you buy in the philippines thats why I have to go to the asianmarket.


Manang said...

Hi Christine,
I just use Carnation evap milk. Go ahead and try using whatever you have there. If you have fresh milk, I suggest heating it up some without boiling it (can't remember the term for it...tempering maybe?).

Christine said...

Hey =)

Ok my first try ended up as being garbage xD
the yeast didnt connect with my milk,sugar,eggyolk and butter.
Is the evaporated milk thik and sweetened?
I just want to find out what exactly my mistake was. But I think it was the yeast.
Maybe Ill try fresh milk next time^^

Thank you!
Christine <3

Manang said...

Hi Christine,
Sounds like it was a sweetened condensed milk you used.
So yeah, I'd say try the fresh milk as an alternative. You might get better results.

Anonymous said...

hi ate can i use rapid rise yeast instead of active dry yeast?

Malou said...

Hi manang, thanks for the recipe. Im starting to bake and i love monay...i will try it..Very concerned with yeast here in manila it's hard to find. I found only one kind at bakers depot at robinson''s an INSTANT YEAST. Is this ok to use thanks...malou

maine said...

Hi Manang, I tried your recipe and the breads came out beautifully! i have one question though, on a local panaderia, their "putok" has a crack on the buttom. It looks like the bread "popped" while baking. Is it from the heat in the oven? Although the bread didn't brown at all but is still white. How did they achieve this crust? Thank you i hope you could help me out on this one:) said...

Hey manang,
I was born in the Philippines but am living in a diffrent country now. I want to learn how to make Pinoy Star-bread, is Putok the same thing?
You can E-mail me if you would like at [] Salamat po! from Sarah.

Anonymous said...

if its ok to use whole wheat flour for monay to be more healty?

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